Rug Color Bleeding & Restoration
Some rug damage is more noticeable that others. Stains and rips are easy to spot. Fading and bleeding colors occur gradually. The patina of a rug changes over time because of the environment in which it exists. The most common causes include:
Professionals spend time focusing on rug discoloration caused by the lack of colorfastness of rugs. Colorfastness describes the fabric’s ability to resist bleeding and fading. You may wash a new rug and notice a loss of color vibrancy, or you may observe a gradual loss of color due to natural causes or repeated washings. There are two problems. What causes the rug to bleed? How can bleeding be prevented?
Reasons Carpet Bleeds
There are various reasons why carpet is not colorfast. A professional rug restoration service is the best source for determining a rug’s bleeding issues. Listed here are a few potential causes as the relate to the process of dyeing.
Fugitive dyes are those that fade or bleed after being exposed to sunlight. Dyes that come from nature are prone to migrating color when saturated with ultraviolet rays from the sun. Failed attempts at washing rugs and improper water exposure are other reasons natural dyes bleed.
Excess dye in the rug fibers causes bleeding the first time they are washed. Professional rug cleaners employ a solution that stabilizes color to prevent migration.
Over-dyed rugs are similar to excess dyed rugs. The difference is over-dyed rug problems stem from dyes added after weaving. Over-dyeing is due to one of two processes. Either the rugs are tea washed or painted with India ink. Tea stained rugs are given an antique look by infusing them in brown dyes. India ink is used to conceal areas that have been damaged by color bleeding.
Colors Susceptible to Bleeding
Red dyes, exposed to extended periods of sunlight are vulnerable to fading and bleeding. It is the minuscule molecules of red dye that makes them more susceptible to the effect of sunlight than other dyes. Intense UV rays will ‘bake’ red dye in a rug. Persian rugs have an overwhelming presence of red color; they were particularly vulnerable to bleeding.
The caustic chemicals contained in detergents affect blue dyes. Various blue dyes are generally unstable. That instability extends to colors such as green and purple that have blue dye components.
Other Causes of Color Bleeding
High temperatures when cleaning rugs are another reason rug colors bleed. Pet urine has a high acid content that causes rugs to bleed. Keep curtains and draperies drawn on sunny days to prevent excessive sunlight exposure. To amend or avoid color bleeding, have rugs professionally washed.
The color of wool and nylon can be restored by re-dyeing. A qualified, certified dye master precisely blends colors to restore the original condition. The master technician can reverse damage so that the rug appears to be new. A rug’s financial and aesthetic value is enhanced by color restoration. Professionals will cause no further harm or ‘over-dye’ a rug that would make colors too vibrant in comparison to the original.